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recalcitrant

美国发音:[rɪ'kælsɪtrənt]
英国发音:[rɪ'kælsɪtrənt]

[adj]
英语解释:stubbornly resisting the authority of another person or group
常见翻译:棘手,难对付的,难以驾驭的;顽固不守规矩的

[n]
英语解释:somebody who stubbornly resists authority or control
常见翻译:倔强的(人),顽抗的(人),不顺从的(人)

stubborn, disobedient.
A recalcitrant pupil is a disobedient pupil. They refuse to follow rules even after punishment. Recalcitrant people are not only unwilling to follow rules but are difficult to control. They resist authority.